EFSA/ECDC Summary Report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2012
The group had received the above report produced by EFSA and ECDC for consideration. 26 European Union Member States had submitted antimicrobial resistance data among zoonotic and indicator bacteria in 2012. EFSA and the ECDC jointly analysed resistance in isolates of zoonotic Salmonella spp and Campylobacter spp. from humans, animals and food and also resistance in indicator Escherichia coli (E. coli), as well as data on meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animals and food. The report highlighted high resistance levels to ciprofloxacin (a fluoroquinolone) in C. coli from broiler meat and broilers (Gallus gallus) (82.7% and 78.4%, respectively). Lower levels were seen in C. jejuni (59.5% and 44.1%, respectively) and in isolates from pigs and cattle (32.0% to 32.9%). The report provided analysis of high-level ciporofloxacin resistance in Salmonella isolates of animal and food origin and listed servovars displaying such resistance. Of note is that a clone of S. Kentucky sequence type (ST) 198 with high-level ciprofloxacin resistance detected in human isolates in Africa and the Middle East and has now been detected in poultry in some European countries. The group commented on the report and members were encouraged to forward further comments to the secretariat. Group’s comments would be provided to the full Committee at the next full ACMSF meeting.